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#500 - Old Quilt

Westmoreland Carnival GlassWESTWARD-HO ! Westmoreland Carnival Glass

By Ruth Grizel

Most collectors do not realize that Westmoreland made a water goblet which depicted familiar scenes of the western frontier known as the "Westward-Ho" pattern. And yes, Westmoreland's goblet is an almost exact copy of the original pattern made in the 1870's, although the original goblet was a combination of crystal and frosted glass. In fact, the L.G. Wright Glass Company duplicated the Westward-Ho pattern, making several sizes of drinking vessels, and covered compotes in the crystal and frosted glass combination. (Westmoreland did not make this pattern for Wright.) Westmoreland, however, originally made their Westward-Ho Goblet both in clear crystal, and milk glass in 1950-52, and reintroduced this goblet in Amethyst Carnival for Levay Distribution Company in a limited edition of 500 in 1978, and then once again in a very limited amount for the Gate Way Carnival Glass Club in 1979. They also made a crimped 5" Sweetmeat in Cobalt Carnival for Levay in 1978 in a limited edition of 500 only. (It was made from the goblet mold.)

For a better understanding of the history behind the Westward-Ho pattern, I will turn to Bessie M. Lindsey's account in hr book, "American Historical Glass", published in 1967 by the C.E. Tuttle Co., Inc. Mrs. Lindsey writes:

"In early times "Pioneer" was an important word. A pioneer leader usually clears away obstacles and prepares the way for those who come after him."

During the 1870's a pattern of glassware was produced, honoring the pioneer, and this was used by the manufacturer. Today it is known as Westward-Ho. In meaning, these words are closely related for the phrase "Westward-Ho" was rallying cry of our pioneers. Its meaning is: Westward lies hope.

The history connected with this oft-repeated phrase is interesting. A poem from which the idea was taken was written by Bishop George Berkeley in 1726. The Bishop felt that religion was losing ground in the old world and that America seemed to be the likeliest place wherein to make up for what had been lost in Europe. One line of his poem live on: "Westward the course of empire takes its way;" westward lay hope for the survival and revival of religion.

The rallying cry of WESTWARD-HO was heard many times in the early history of the United States. It became a siren call when gold was discovered in California. Until this time California had been a place to talk about, to guess and wonder about. In 1848 the story was excitedly told of how, in a week, ten men shook gravel through handscreens and found a million dollars worth of gold. Wild times followed. The excitement reached everywhere. Should they go? Should they stay? Many answered. Westward lay hope for riches.

When government lands west of the Mississippi River were open at various times, to homestead settlement, WESTWARD-HO became the popular slogan. Again, long trains of covered wagons trekked westward towards the land of opportunity. Westward lay hope, for home and happiness.

The Westward-Ho Pattern

In this design, the story of the western frontier being pushed backward is plainly shown. A pioneer log cabin has been established in the wilds. Deer and bison are seen fleeing from encroaching civilization. The sun, rising from behind the hills, brings its message of hope, for each new day brings its message of hope, for each new day brings a new chance to the waking world. Those west-bound travelers needed the tonic of that hope. They had learned how weary feet, aching backs, and heavy hearts, are sisters to success. Their fears and dangers are symbolized in the Westward-Ho pattern too, shown by crouching Indian which serves as a knob to all covered pieces.

The glassware was freely purchased by women of the "70's. They knew the story of pioneer experiences in person, or had learned about them at mother's knee. And now, we who inherit the benefits paid for by pioneer daring and toil, rightly treasure the remnants of this pattern which have survived to the present time.

Perhaps Mrs. Lindsey says it best when she states that the Westward-Ho pattern is symbolic of the many stories of how this country was settled. And perhaps the people at the helm of the Westmoreland Glass Company felt it necessary to revive the memories of this important time in our history by re-introducing the Westward-Ho pattern with their goblet. And if you are among those lucky enough to own a Westmoreland Westward-Ho goblet, you can be sure that they are just as rare as is a buffalo roaming the prairie today! In our many years of collecting , we have only seen a half dozen of the limited edition Amethyst Carnival Westward-Ho Goblets for sale, and we have never seen any listed in the classified ads. Therefore, it is very difficult to establish any current market values on Westmoreland's Westward-Ho Goblets.

A very special thanks to Ruth Grizel for permission to reprint this article. Ruth was an expert in her field, she had published many books and she was the President of the Westmoreland Glass Collector's Newsletter.

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